Cognitive Processes and Creativity*
Dr. Jung's book Psychological Types was first published in 1921.
Instruments have been developed to help individuals find where they fit within his theory.
The Myers Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®) is one.
If you have already used it and know your personality type code, then the following information will refresh and add to your knowledge.
If you have yet to be exposed to psychological type theory, then use the information that follows to find how you express and experience life using this theory.
Match your energy pattern, as you know it, with what is presented.
Qualified professionals in psychological type have an ethic to give more weight to a person's self-assessment than to what the MBTI reports. So pay attention and honor your self-assessment.
are a few basics about psychological type
- It comes
from Carl Jung's theory of personality.
- All people
are drawn to use, or prefer, certain
cognitive processes for accessing information
and making decisions.
process preferences are dichotomous.
We have a natural pull to use one of
the pair of each dichotomy more so than
process preferences are innate. Environment
impacts their development.
process preferences are not the same
as ability or skill. Consider them instead
as antenna for attracting and emitting
certain energy frequency information.
- The cognitive
processes interact in a dynamic fashion
for balance in our personal energy system.
- As we age,
we are inclined to develop an ability
to tune into other frequencies in addition
to our natural cognitive process preferences.
- All cognitive
processes are valuable.
- We can and
do develop skills associated with our
nonpreferences. The lifelong innate
push for development encourages this
- We are born
unconscious and continue to become more
conscious as we grow and experience
life on this planet. Jung called this
- The drive
for individuation is innate.
- The more
we become aware of our cognitive process
preferences and development, the better
able we are to choose which we use.
The Processes of Our
Jung's theory proposes that human
behavior is not random but patterned according
to how we access information and make
decisions. We engage in both of these
cognitive processes in one of two orientations.
One is experienced when introverting;
the other, when extraverting.
When introverting, we reflect, consider,
think, and mentally review. All of us
engage in introverting activities some
of the time. When we introvert, we often
personalize the events in our environment.
The world comes to meet us. And sometimes
our awareness is universal.
introvert primarily in four ways:
- By mentally
recalling past experiences.
- By foreseeing
- By analyzing
based on closely held principles of
- By valuing
using a ranking of importance.
Using the extraverting orientation, we
interact with others and things in our
environment. Here we engage with the world
outside of ourselves. All of us use these
processes some of the time. We use extraverted
energy to go out to meet the world.
we use the extraverting processes, we
do so primarily in four ways:
- By fully
experiencing the moment.
- By inferring
global potentials and meanings.
- By structuring
things and processes.
- By harmonizing
people according to their needs.
that in each of the four processes the
focus is external, in our immediate and
people extraverting may be quite similar
in that they actively engage in conversation
to initiate some action. However, what
they talk about and their specific actions
may be quite different depending on which
of the extraverting processes they are
We use cognitive processes in both the
extraverting and introverting orientations.
When we extravert, we talk and participate
with people and things in an active way.
When we introvert, we are quiet and reflective
and internally active. We do both naturally.
Adapted from Marci Segal, Creativity and Personality Type: Tools for Understanding and Inspiring The Many Voices of Creativity (Telos Publications, 2001) *Used with permission.